Guinea Pig Care

Are you looking for an adorable pet that won’t take up much room and is easy to care for? A Guinea pig just may be a great match for you! These tiny furballs are super cute, and are typically quite gentle. Guinea pigs, or cavies, as they are sometimes called, are typically quite easy keepers, though they do have some specific needs. It just so happens that March is Adopt A Rescued Guinea Pig month, so this is a great time to bring one of these adorable pets home! Read on for some basic Guinea pig care tips from a Livonia, MI vet.


Since your pint-sized pet will spend most of his time in a cage, you’ll want to make sure to get a roomy, comfortable one. We recommend getting a cage that is at least 7.5 square feet for one cavy. If you get more than one, you’ll need a bigger cage. You’ll want to add a safe substrate, such as aspen or a fleece blanket. Stay away from pine and cedar substrates, as they are toxic to little furballs. Your adorable pet will also need a hidey-hole; food dishes; and a water bottle. You may want to include a litterbox and hayrack as well.


We recommend giving your tiny friend lots of fresh grass hay, such as Timothy hay. It’s great for both cavies’ teeth and their digestion. You can give your furry pal commercial food for breakfast and supper. Your Guinea pig will also need fresh produce to round out his nutritional needs. Be sure to include lots of food that contain Vitamin C, as this essential nutrient is critical to your little buddy’s health. Ask your vet for specific nutritional recommendations, including portion sizes, suitable treats, and safe and unsafe foods.


These little guys are very playful and frisky. Make sure to provide plenty of fun toys for your cavy to play with, including lots of suitable chew toys. Wood, paper, and cardboard items are fine, provided they don’t have sharp edges or small parts, and aren’t coated in varnish, paint, or dye. You might be surprised at how many great DIY toys you can make out of common household items!

If you have any questions or concerns about caring for Guinea pigs, please don’t hesitate to contact us. As your Livonia, MI animal hospital, we are here to help!

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